By Dr. Raquel Alonso-Perez
In the land of the Lemurs
Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world. And one of the richest. This island, the fourth largest in the world after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo, is home to twenty-seven million people with a median age of nineteen years. The island is full of wonderful and happy children. It’s also rich in natural resources. Gems, metals, raw beauty. Read More
By Dr. Raquel Alonso-Perez
How much rock does it take to make you happy? Approximately four tons! That’s a piece of rock about the same size as the refrigerator in your house. A pure platinum ring is about 15 grams, and that all comes from the ground. And most of that rock, from that ground, is from South Africa.The Bushveld Igneous Complex, north of Johannesburg, is the source of much of the world’s platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium; the so called “platinum group elements”. About two billion years ago this intrusion of layered rocks formed from roiling hot magma that came from the mantle and crystallized in place. Read More
Our Core Team Member Ms. Patricia Syvrud's Reflections on OECD’s 12th Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains
This year I was lucky enough to attend the OECD’s 12th Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains which was held at OECD headquarters in Paris, France April 17 - 19.
As background, the OECD, or Organization for Economic and Cooperative Development, (http://www.oecd.org/) has a mission to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world and publishes a series of voluntary business guidance documents designed to improve the quality of people's lives. One document, the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas http://www.oecd.org/corporate/mne/mining.htm is pertinent to the jewelry supply chain because gold, diamonds and colored gemstones are frequently sourced from conflict-affected regions and countries. Read More
Chichester, Ouida; Davis Pluess, Jessica; and Momaya, Hetal. 2018. “Women in the Jewelry Supply Chain.” White Paper. BSR, San Francisco.
About This White Paper
This paper explores the role of women in jewelry supply chains and the challenges they face to their wellbeing and advancement. This white paper has been prepared for a convening in April 2018 that will bring together key stakeholders in the jewelry value chain, from mining companies and manufacturers to retailers and brands, to explore how the jewelry industry can be a positive driver of women’s empowerment and gender equality. Read More
by Dr. Parul Agarwal, Ms. Richa Devgun, Dr. J.S. Bhatnagar
Gems and jewellery are part of many cultures and customs around the world. Gems and jewellery have been important part for both aesthetic as well as investment purposes. Gems and jewellery industry has gradually become important for the Indian economy due to its contribution in India’s total exports. This sector accounts about 14.98% of the country’s total merchandise exports estimated at US$ 262290.13 million in 2015-16. In last four years export of gems and jewellery decreased by 12% and exports got affected by the rising cost of raw materials, depressed demand and slowdown of markets. There are many problems faced by the exporters of gems and jewellery industry. This paper discuss the status of the exports of Indian gems and jewellery industry. Also, an attempt is made to identify the problems faced by the exporters, by reviewing various literatures and highlighted some suggestions to overcoming these hurdles.
Key Words: Export, Exporters, Gems, Import, Jewellery, Problems Read More
January 8th, 2018
Niger is located in the Sahel and Sahara region of Africa with a surface area of 1,267,000 km2 and a population of over 18, 528,000 habitants, three quarters live in rural areas. The Niger River flows some 500 kilometres in a crescent shape through the capital Niamey linking Guinea, Mali with the Niger Delta in Nigeria. Niger is thus at the cross roads between the Maghreb of North Africa and Sub Saharan Africa and its long history as a trade route linking these areas has led to Niger’s rich ethnic and linguistic character. The largest ethnic group is Hausa followed by Zarma/Songhai, Tuareg , Fulani (Peul) and Kanuri. Read More
Dr. Laurent Cartier recently published an article in 'the Episodes Journal' (part of IUGS- International Union of Geological Sciences) on the potential of developing a heritage status to raise awareness about and support gemstone producing areas worldwide. In regions such as the Mogok Stone Tract in Burma (Myanmar), strong traditions have evolved around the mining and processing of the different gemstones. It is proposed that specific criteria and a heritage designation scheme be developed for such regions that have been outstanding producers of gemstones, in some cases for many centuries. Much as with UNESCO’s World Heritage Site programme, the aim would be to preserve the traditions of these provinces and increase cultural, scientific and touristic interest in their gemstone resources as a way of contributing to sustainable development in these regions.
The full article can be read by following this link Read More
With its abundant resources in diamonds and coloured gemstones, Namibia has been unable to develop an internationally competitive coloured gemstone and related industry due to the fact that the sector’s value chain does not function in a way that maximises value addition. An uncoordinated supply of equipment to stone centers without a broader coloured stone sector growth strategy has constrained the growth of the sector. The main aim of this study was to establish the essential building blocks for the sector growth for the coloured gemstones and related industries. Read More
For the past 3 years, Lynda Lawson, a research associate in this gemstone knowledge hub, has been documenting and analyzing the lives of women involved in the sapphire value chain in Madagascar. Her work is based in Atsimo Andrefana in the South West of the country close to the established sapphire mining and trading areas around the towns of Sakaraha and Ilakaka. Read More
The Gemstones and Sustainable Development Hub is partnering with 'American Gem Trade Association' (AGTA) and 'Workplace Health Without Borders' (WHWB) in seeking to improve understanding of health issues in gemstone manufacturing and implementing suitable solutions. The pilot project will be carried out in Jaipur (India) at a number of different cutting facilities, starting early 2018. Read More
Before abundant sources of gold and silver were discovered in Mexico and Peru, pearls were the main riches that Spanish colonists exploited in the Americas. During his third trip to the Americas in 1498, Christopher Columbus discovered bountiful supply of pearls around the island of Cubagua, off the coast of today's Venezuela. The news about the existence of the highly prized commodity in the newly discovered seas quickly circulated inside and outside Spain. This gave rise to organized, and often conflict-ridden, ventures to harvest the Caribbean pearl beds. Read More
The magnificent Valley of Swat, surrounded by majestic mountains, contains an absolute corn bright in it. The Valley also holds one of the Asia’s largest deposits of emeralds. Similar to Colombian emerald, Swat emerald is well known for its unique green colors (ranging from medium to deep green) and for its distinctive smoothness and transparency. Read More
There is a diaspore mine (10,000 sq. km area) on Ilbira Mountains located in Mugla in southwestern Turkey. In a very minor portion of this mine, about a few kilometer long, gem-quality material is extracted. Read More
At the January 2017 Jewelry Industry Summit held in Tucson, Brian and Kendra Cook (Nature’s Geometry) discussed their efforts to promote sustainable mining in Brazil’s Bahia State. In cooperation with 2,500 miners from the region, the Cooks are developing a collective in Remedios, Novo Horizonte (figure 1). Plans to brand the region’s unique golden rutilated quartz will be supported by a warehouse and cutting facilities, as well as a visitor center. To provide food security for the population, the Cooks also intend to bring organic community farming to the area. Read More
3 Day Master Class in Gemology Read More
Taught by Dr. Laurent Cartier